Toilet training usually begins at about 2 years old. Most children are fully toilet trained through the day between 2 and 4 years old.

Girls usually learn this a bit earlier than boys. Toilet training usually takes from 3 to 6 months. I recommend that you do not set a timetable. There is no use forcing a child who is not ready.

A child is capable of toilet training somewhere between 18 months and 3 years of age. Here are a few signs that your child might be ready for this new experience.

    -Your child can walk to his potty -He is starting to undress (he can pull down his pants). -His diaper stays dry for several hours -He understands simple instructions, like "take this to Daddy" -He can express his needs with words like "want milk" and he will soon be able to say "need to pee!" -He is proud he can do things by himself.

Whether you plan to potty train in 3 days or in a week. Here are a few tips to make toilet training easier

    -Get him ready a bit at a time by teaching him the words and gestures of elimination-"poop", "pee", "potty", "toilet". -Ask him to imitate you. Your child will want to copy you in the bathroom the same way he copies your speech. Put the potty close to the toilet and urge your child to do the same thing you do. When he is ready, he'll want to be like mommy and daddy. -Use the potty rather than the toilet during the first steps. Your child will feel safer and more stable. -Ensure that he is well seated on the potty, feet on the floor. If he is too high,use a small footstool so he can relax. -To begin with, ask your child to sit on the potty with his clothes on, and then again after the wet diaper has been removed.


Most parents wonder what brand of commercial infant formula is the best. Companies advertise their products extensively to parents, doctors, nurses, and nutritionists. Each sales representative will say that their product is better than the others or that it is closer to mother's milk. Additives and claims listed on product labels are only there to boost sales. They are of no benefit to your baby and can even be misleading.

Commercial infant formula is sold in three forms; Ready-to serve, liquid, or powdered. The same brand of formula may look different in its ready-to-serve form than it does when prepared from concentrated liquid or powder, but the composition and nutritional value remain the same. Remember however, that powdered infant formulas are not recommended for premature babies or those with health problems. To date, there is no proof that one brand is better than another. Commercial infant formulas are comparable in quality. Here are the characteristics of the different forms of commercial formula that you may consider for your child.

  • Ready-to-serve


-sterile at time of purchase. -Easiest to use. -Is used as is. -Very expensive.


  • Concentrated liquid


-Sterile at time of purchase. -Easier to use and safer than powdered form -Must be diluted with water. -Costs about the same as powder. 

-Not sterile at time of purchase. -Greater risk of contamination because it requires more handling. -Requires greater care during the dilution step than concentrated liquid. -Costs about the same as concentrated liquid.

Safety first


Once your toddler realizes that he's able to move around by himself, his mission in life will be to locate and make you race to the most dangerous areas in your home. So if you have not begun the process of childproofing your house, you'd better start now. Start by getting down on your hands and knees and look at the environment from your toddler's perspective.

Lamp cords and speaker wires always look fun to yank or chew on. And those outlets seem to be waiting for something to stick something in them. Taking care of those tempting wires and covering up your outlets is only the beginning. So lets start with the basics.

Child proof fence

Preventing Falls

-Move all your valuable items out of your toddler's reach. Its not too early to try to teach him not to touch, but don't expect much results at the beginning.

-Bolt wall bookshelves and other free standing cabinets,(please consider this if you live in earthquake countries)

-Don't hang heavy things on the stroller, it can tip over.

-Get special guards for your radiators and raise any heaters or electric fans off the floor.

-Install a safety gate at the bottom and top of every flight of stairs. It must be securely attached to the door frame or hallway walls.

-Walkers may be a thing of the past. Supposedly, 15,000 emergency visits per year have been attributed due to walkers. If you are worried of the potential problems, buying a exersaucer would probably be ideal for your child. Not to mention the fair games it comes with, things to bang, squeak, twist and spin.

toddler kitchen safety


-Install safety locks on low cabinets and drawers

-Your child's high chair should be sturdy, with a tray that locks into place, and a crotch strap to keep the baby from slipping out.

-Get an oven lock and covers for your oven and stove knobs. If you are lucky, most modern stoves come with the lock option already, however it is not a pressing option.

-Use the back burners on the stove whenever possible and keep pot handles turned toward the back of the stove.

-Use plastic dishes and serving bowls whenever you can. Glass breaks and if you are like me, no matter how well I sweep, there are always small pieces showing up.

-If you have dishwasher tablets, make sure your child has far reach of them. Too many poisoning cases from these as young adolescents mistake them for candy due to their colors.

- Post the phone numbers of the nearest poison control agency near your phone.

-It is essential that you install a smoke detector on every floor and replace the battery periodically, for example when you change your clocks in the fall and spring.


-Put decals at baby height on all sliding glass doors and large windows.

-Get your plants off the floor; more than seven hundred species can cause illness or death if eaten, including flowers as common as lily of the valley, iris, and poinsettias.

-Pad the corners and edges of low tables, chairs, and fireplace heaths.

- make sure your fireplace screen and tools cant be pulled down or knocked over.

-Keep furniture away from windows. Toddlers will climb up whatever they can and may fall through the fall.

Safety in the nursery


-No homemade or antique cribs. They almost never conform to today's safety standards. Cribs with protruding corner posts are especially dangerous.

-Keep the crib at least two feet away from blinds, drapes, hanging cords, or wall decorations with ribbons.

-All toys should be washable, large enough so they wont fit in your child's mouth, nose, or ears, and soft enough so they wont poke an eye out. No strings or detachable parts.

-Toy chest lids should stay up when opened to avoid slamming on tiny fingers.

-Dont leave dresser drawers open. From baby's perspective, they look a lot like stairs.

-Dont leave your baby alone on the changing table or bed even for a second.


-If possible, use a gate to keep access restricted to the adults in the house. -Install a toilet guard. -Keep bath and shower doors closed. -Never leave water standing in the bath, the sink, or even a bucket. Drowning is the third most common cause of accidental deaths among young children. -Keep medication and cosmetics high up. -Make sure there is nothing your toddler can climb up on to gain access to the medicine cabinet. -Keep razors and hair dryers unplugged and out of reach. -Never keep electrical appliances near the bathtub. -Use a bath mat or stick-on safety strip to reduce the risk of slipping in the bathtub.